The Great Ares Greek Mythology

Written By Jason Kim

Writing stories of mythical proportions.

Greek mythology is filled with fascinating gods and goddesses, each representing unique aspects of human existence. Among them, Ares, the god of war, stands out as a powerful and enigmatic figure. In this article, I will delve into the myths and legends surrounding Ares, exploring his origins, attributes, relationships, and influence in Greek mythology.

Ares, the son of Zeus and Hera, was one of the Twelve Olympian deities and embodied the brutal aspects of warfare and slaughter. Known for his fierce nature and love of violence, he revelled in the chaos and destruction that accompanied war. His worship was not as extensive as some other gods in Greece, but he had distinctive cult practices in different regions.

Key Takeaways:

  • Ares, the Greek god of war, represented the brutal aspects of warfare and slaughter.
  • He was the son of Zeus and Hera, and one of the Olympian deities.
  • Ares had unique cult practices in different regions, such as nocturnal dog sacrifices and women’s sacrifices.
  • He was associated with Aphrodite and had several children, including Deimos, Phobos, Harmonia, and Eros.
  • Ares was often depicted with his helmet, shield, and sword or spear, symbolizing his role as the god of war.

Ares’ Origins and Family

In the realm of Greek mythology, Ares, the fierce god of war, can trace his origins back to the Mycenaean period. Born as the son of Zeus and Hera, he stood among the distinguished Twelve Olympians, sharing his divine lineage with prominent deities such as Athena, Aphrodite, Apollo, and Hermes.

Ares, with his prominent position in the pantheon, also had a family of his own. He fathered children, including Deimos, the personification of terror, and Phobos, the embodiment of fear. Harmonia, the goddess of harmony, was another influential offspring of Ares.

However, it is worth mentioning Ares’ notable relationship with Aphrodite, the goddess of love. Their passionate affair, concealed from the eyes of others, was ultimately unveiled by Aphrodite’s husband, Hephaestus. This discovery brought humiliation upon Ares and Aphrodite, causing them to become subjects of ridicule among the gods.

Despite the tumultuous nature of Ares’ love affairs, his origins and family ties solidify his place in the intricate tapestry of Greek mythology.

Ares’ Role in War and Conflict

In Greek mythology, Ares was the god of war, embodying the physical valor necessary for success in battle. Unlike Athena, who represented strategic warfare and wisdom, Ares personified the brutal and violent nature of war. He reveled in the chaos and horrors of battle, delighting in the slaughter of men and the destruction of towns.

Ares was known to intervene in conflicts and support different sides based on his inclination. His unpredictable nature made him a formidable force on the battlefield. However, despite his ferocity, Ares was not invincible. In various mythological tales, he was wounded by powerful opponents such as Heracles and Diomedes, showcasing his vulnerability in the face of formidable adversaries.

This quote from Ares encapsulates his role in war and conflict: “I am the embodiment of the battlefield, the relentless force that drives men to fight and nations to conquer. In the horrors of war, I find my purpose and my strength.”

Ares’ involvement in war and conflict extends beyond his direct participation. He was often associated with the carnage and devastation left in the wake of battles. The aftermath of war bore his mark, as towns lay in ruins and families grieved their fallen loved ones.

Ares and the Art of War

The impact of Ares’ role in war and conflict extended beyond mythology; it influenced the art and literature of ancient Greece. Artists depicted him in battle, capturing the raw intensity and aggression that characterized his essence. Writers sought inspiration in his tales, exploring the complexities of war and its consequences on humanity.

“In the chaos of battle, Ares reigns supreme, his bloodlust unmatched. Warriors pray for victory under his banner, knowing that with his favor, they become the instruments of devastation.”

By understanding Ares’ role in war and conflict, we gain insight into the darker aspects of human nature and the eternal struggle for power and dominance. Through the tales of Ares, we navigate the complexities of war, questioning its necessity while acknowledging its devastating consequences.

Ares and Aphrodite

Ares and Aphrodite’s love affair in Greek mythology was a passionate and tumultuous relationship, filled with conflict and jealousy. This illicit union between the god of war and the goddess of love often tested the boundaries of their respective domains.

However, their secret trysts eventually came to light when Aphrodite’s husband, Hephaestus, discovered their infidelity. In a clever and humiliating trap, Hephaestus ensnared Ares and Aphrodite in a golden net, exposing their affair to the gaze of the other gods and goddesses.

“The golden net gleamed as it held them captive, and laughter erupted among the divine assembly. Their love, once hidden, was now exposed in all its scandalous glory,”

This shameful episode laid bare the tempestuous nature of their love and the consequences of their actions. Ares, known for his hot temper, bore the brunt of the mockery and ridicule from his fellow deities.

Despite the public embarrassment, Ares and Aphrodite’s passionate connection persisted, leading to further complications. When Aphrodite fell in love with the mortal Adonis, Ares could not contain his jealousy. In a fit of rage, he transformed himself into a menacing boar and killed Adonis, a rival for Aphrodite’s affections.

This tragic event highlighted the destructive consequences of their volatile love affairs.

Despite their tumultuous relationship, Ares and Aphrodite’s love affair serves as a cautionary tale, illustrating the unyielding power of desire and the consequences of forbidden love in Greek mythology.

Ares’ Mythological Adventures

Throughout Greek mythology, Ares, the god of war, embarked on numerous daring adventures and encountered various gods and heroes. His exploits showcased his unwavering support for warlike figures and his willingness to immerse himself in moments of conflict and turmoil.

One of Ares’ notable adventures involved transforming his daughter Harmonia and her husband Kadmos into serpents as a means of punishment. This act symbolized the consequences of their actions and served as a reminder of the unpredictable nature of war.

Ares also engaged in a gripping encounter with the Alodai giants, seeking the assistance of the mighty hero Heracles to rescue him. This collaboration demonstrated the interplay between mortal and divine forces, highlighting Ares’ vulnerability and the need for external aid in times of adversity.

Additionally, Ares valiantly fought alongside the Amazons, a tribe of fearless warrior women, in their arduous battles. His involvement symbolized his affinity for war and his desire to align himself with formidable forces, further solidifying his reputation as the god of war.

However, despite his valor and prowess, Ares often faced defeat and humiliation at the hands of other gods and heroes. These setbacks humanized him, reminding us that even the god of war can be overshadowed by superior opponents.

“Ares’ mythological adventures serve as a testament to his unflinching dedication to conflict and his ability to navigate the intricate web of alliances and rivalries within Greek mythology.”

As we delve into the realm of Greek mythology, we find ourselves captivated by Ares’ thrilling adventures. They offer a glimpse into the complexities of war and the role it played in ancient Greek society, as well as the divine interactions that shaped their mythos.

Ares’ Symbols and Attributes

Ares, the mighty god of war in Greek mythology, was often portrayed with powerful symbols and attributes that embodied his role and association with conflict and violence. These symbols and attributes emphasized his martial nature and prowess on the battlefield.

Helmet of the War God

One of the primary symbols associated with Ares is his peaked warrior’s helmet, a representation of his divine status as the god of war. The helmet served as a visual cue to his martial prowess and fearlessness in battle. When depicted with his helmet, Ares appeared as a formidable and indomitable warrior.

Shield, Spear, and Sword

In addition to his helmet, Ares is often portrayed carrying a shield, spear, and sword, which further emphasized his attributes as the god of war. The shield symbolized defense and protection, while the spear and sword represented his offensive capabilities and readiness for combat.

“Ares, the mighty god of war, wielded his shield, spear, and sword with unmatched skill and ferocity.”

These powerful weapons were not only symbols of Ares’ strength and ability in battle but also represented the destructive forces unleashed during war. They served as reminders of the chaos and carnage associated with armed conflict.

Depiction of Ares

Artistic representations of Ares typically showcased his imposing figure, clad in armor and armed with his helmet, shield, spear, and sword. These visual depictions captured the essence of his divine attributes and the raw power he possessed as the god of war.

Through these symbols and attributes, Ares’ portrayal in Greek mythology as the god of war is vividly conveyed. The imagery and symbolism associated with him provided a visual representation of the primal and violent aspects of warfare.

Symbol/Attribute Meaning
Peaked warrior’s helmet Representation of Ares’ martial nature and fearlessness in battle
Shield Symbol of defense and protection
Spear and sword Signify Ares’ offensive capabilities and readiness for combat

Ares’ Worship and Cult Practices

Despite not being widely worshiped like other gods in Greece, Ares had unique cult practices in different regions that reflected his primal and savage nature as the god of war in Greek religion.

In Sparta, Ares was honored with human sacrifices, a testament to his association with the brutality of warfare. The Spartans believed that offering human lives to Ares would secure victory and protect their city-state.

At Geronthrae in Laconia, a sacred grove dedicated to Ares existed where no women were allowed. This exclusion of women emphasized the masculine and violent aspects of Ares’ worship, focusing on the raw power and carnage of war.

In Athens, Ares had a temple located at the foot of the Areopagus. The Athenians recognized Ares as a god deserving of their reverence, demonstrating his importance and influence in their cultural and religious practices.

Cult Practices of Ares in Different Regions

Region Cult Practices
Sparta Human sacrifices as offerings to Ares for victory
Geronthrae Exclusion of women; a sacred grove focused on Ares’ violent nature
Athens Dedicated temple at the foot of the Areopagus

Although Ares’ worship might not have been as extensive as other gods, these varied cult practices highlight the different interpretations and regional variations of the god of war within ancient Greek society.

ares worship

Ares’ Influence and Legacy

Ares, the fierce god of war in Greek mythology, had a profound influence on the perception of war in ancient Greece. His association with violence and bloodshed shaped the understanding of the destructive and chaotic aspects of conflict.

Through his legendary battles and conflicts, Ares inspired artists, writers, and philosophers to explore the complexities of war and its impact on humanity. The tales of his prowess in battle and his tumultuous relationships with other gods continue to provide rich material for creative expression and contemplation.

“In the realm of Ares, we find both the horrors and the heroism of war. His influence extends beyond the bounds of ancient mythology, resonating with our own understanding of the human capacity for destruction and resilience.”

Ares’ legacy can be seen in various artistic representations, such as sculptures, paintings, and epic poems. These works capture the conflicting emotions associated with war and delve into the moral dilemmas that arise from the pursuit of power through conflict.

Furthermore, Ares’ influence is evident in the field of military strategy and tactics. His embodiment of the raw and brutal aspects of warfare serves as a cautionary reminder of the costs and consequences of armed engagement.

In contemplating Ares’ legacy, we are confronted with the dual nature of war – both a force that can unleash destruction and a catalyst for heroic deeds. It is through the exploration of these complexities that we gain a deeper understanding of our own capacity for violence and our collective desire for peace.

“Ares, with his sword raised and shield at the ready, serves as a reminder of the eternal struggle between chaos and order, violence and harmony.”

The Enduring Exploration of War through Ares’ Legacy

From ancient times to the present day, Ares’ influence endures, as artists, writers, and thinkers continue to grapple with the profound implications of war. Through the lens of Ares’ mythology, we are compelled to reflect on our own relationship with conflict and to strive for a more peaceful world.

Ares in Roman Mythology

In Roman mythology, Ares was equated with the god Mars. While Ares represented the brutal aspects of war, Mars was revered as the ancestral protector of the Roman people and state. The Romans emphasized Mars’ dignity and importance, giving him a more prominent role than Ares in their religious practices and beliefs.

The Roman perception of Mars differed from the Greek representation of Ares. While Ares symbolized the destructive and chaotic aspects of war, Mars was seen as a powerful and revered deity who safeguarded the Roman empire. Mars was associated with values such as discipline, honor, and strategic warfare, making him a symbol of Roman military prowess and conquest.

This assimilation of Ares into Roman mythology reflects the cultural and religious integration that occurred between ancient Greece and Rome. The Romans often assimilated Greek gods into their pantheon, adapting their attributes and worship to align with Roman values and beliefs.

The association of Ares with Mars also showcased the Romans’ desire to establish a connection to the powerful and warlike heritage of the ancient Greeks. By equating Ares with Mars, the Romans sought to align themselves with the legacy of Greek mythology and to assert their own dominance in matters of warfare and empire-building.

Ares in Greek Mythology Mars in Roman Mythology
Embodied the brutal aspects of war Became the revered protector of the Roman people and state
Associated with chaos and violence Synonymous with discipline and strategic warfare
Often depicted in conflict and turmoil Symbolized Roman military prowess and conquest

Comparing Ares and Mars:

  • Fierce and destructive: In Greek mythology, Ares reveled in the chaos and horrors of war, whereas Mars embodied disciplined and strategic military action.
  • Religious practices: Ares had limited worship in Greece, while Mars had a significant cult following in ancient Rome.
  • Cultural adaptation: The Romans assimilated Ares into their pantheon by equating him with Mars, adapting his attributes to align with Roman values and beliefs.

Overall, the assimilation of Ares into Roman mythology exemplifies the cultural exchange and adaptation that occurred between ancient Greece and Rome. Although Ares’ significance may have been diminished in Roman mythology, the association with Mars allowed the Romans to draw on the ancient Greek legacy of war and assert their own military and imperial might.

ares greek mythology


In the world of Greek mythology, Ares emerges as a captivating and complex figure. He embodies the primal and violent nature of war, reveling in chaos and conflict. Ares’ relationships, conflicts, and attributes all contribute to shaping his role as the god of war. Despite not receiving widespread worship like other gods, Ares has left a lasting impact on Greek mythology and the portrayal of war.

Throughout his mythological journey, Ares stands as a symbol of the raw power and ferocity associated with warfare. His intense love affair with Aphrodite, his clashes with fellow deities, and his epic battles against gods and heroes showcase the tumultuous nature of his existence. Ares’ representation as the god of war captures the brutal reality of conflicts and the consequences they entail.

Although Ares may not enjoy the same level of adoration as other Olympian gods, his influence on Greek mythology is undeniable. He serves as a cautionary reminder of the dark and destructive aspects of war. Artists, writers, and philosophers continue to explore the multifaceted nature of Ares, using his character to delve into the complexities of human conflict and its impact on society.


Who was Ares in Greek mythology?

Ares was the ancient Greek god of war, known for representing the brutal aspects of warfare and slaughter.

Who were Ares’ parents and siblings?

Ares was the son of Zeus and Hera, and he had siblings such as Athena, Aphrodite, Apollo, and Hermes.

What was Ares’ role in war and conflict?

Ares embodied the physical valor necessary for success in battle, delighting in the chaos and horrors of war.

What were Ares’ relationships with other gods and goddesses?

Ares had a notable relationship with Aphrodite, with whom he had an affair that resulted in their humiliation.

What mythological adventures did Ares have?

Ares had various adventures, including battles with giants, supporting the Amazons, and transforming his daughter and son-in-law into serpents.

What symbols and attributes were associated with Ares?

Ares was often depicted with a peaked warrior’s helm, shield, spear, and sword, symbolizing his martial nature and prowess in battle.

What were Ares’ worship and cult practices?

Ares’ worship was not extensive in Greece, but he had unique cult practices in different regions, such as nocturnal dog sacrifices and women’s sacrifices.

What was Ares’ influence and legacy?

Ares’ association with violence and bloodshed influenced the perception of war in ancient Greece, inspiring artists and philosophers to explore its complexities.

How was Ares portrayed in Roman mythology?

In Roman mythology, Ares was equated with the god Mars, with Mars being more revered and emphasized as the ancestral protector of the Roman people and state.

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